Gravitational lensing in plasma: Relativistic images at homogeneous plasma. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology Volume 87, Issue 12, 11 June 2013, Article number 124009

14 сентября 2018
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Контактные данные автора публикации Tsupko, O.Y.ab , Bisnovatyi-Kogan, G.S.ab a Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation b National Research Nuclear University MEPhI
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We investigate the influence of plasma presence on relativistic images formed by Schwarzschild black hole lensing. When a gravitating body is surrounded by a plasma, the lensing angle depends on a frequency of the electromagnetic wave due to refraction properties, and the dispersion properties of the light propagation in gravitational field in plasma. The last effect leads to a difference, even in uniform plasma, of the gravitational deflection angle in plasma from the vacuum case. This angle depends on the photon frequency, which resembles the properties of the refractive prism spectrometer. Here we consider the case of a strong deflection angle for the light, traveling near the Schwarzschild black hole, surrounded by a uniform plasma. Asymptotic formulas are obtained for the case of a very large deflection angle, exceeding 2π. We apply these formulas for calculation of position and magnification of relativistic images in a homogeneous plasma, which are formed by the photons performing one or several revolutions around the central object. We conclude that the presence of the uniform plasma increases the angular size of relativistic rings or the angular separation of point images from the gravitating center. The presence of the uniform plasma increases also a magnification of relativistic images. The angular separation and the magnification become significantly larger than in the vacuum case, when the photon frequency goes to a plasma frequency.
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