Comparison of calculation results of neutron detection efficiency for models with silicon semiconductor detector and plastic scintillator for GAMMA-400 telescope . Journal of Physics: Conference Series Volume 409, Issue 1, 2013, Article number 012125

14 сентября 2018
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Контактные данные автора публикации Dedenko, G., Zin, T. , Kadilin, V., Gavrikov, I., Tyurin, E., Isakov, S. National Research Nuclear University MEPhI
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Аннотация

Monte Carlo calculations were performed for two models of neutron detector. The first model of the neutron detector includes the layer of polyethylene as a moderator, boron as a target for (n, α) reaction and silicon as a detector of α-particles. The second model consists of polyethylene layers alternating with layers of plastic-boron scintillators. Calculations were performed for parallel neutron flux with evaporation spectrum. The calculation results of neutron detection efficiency for two proposed models were analyzed and compared. The high neutron detection efficiency is attained by using a plastic-boron scintillator. Using natural boron the 10% of detection efficiency is attained and in the case of enriched boron more than 15% of detection efficiency is attained when the detector thickness is 4 cm. The model using silicon detectors provides the detection efficiency about 4%.



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Indexed keywords

Calculation results; Detection efficiency; Monte Carlo calculation; Natural boron; Neutron detection; Plastic scintillator
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